|News from WFCC|
LATIN AMERICA FEDERATION FOR CULTURE COLLECTIONS
Federación Latinoamericana de Colecciones
Mirtha Floccari1,2, Vanderlei Pêrez Canhos 1,3,
Faustino Siñeriz 1,4, Nélida Leardini1,2, Nidia Lucero
1,15, Vidal Rodríguez Lemoine1,5, Zulia Weng Alemán
1,6, Elsie Iglesias 1,7. , Sueli Corrêa Marques de Mello
1,8, Silvia Giono Cerezo 1,9, Elizabeth Sfreddo 1,10,
Alejandro Perticari1,11, Gladys Martos1,12, Silvana
Levis 1,13, Lilian Loperena 1,14, Graciela Davel 1,15.
1.Latin American Federation for Culture Collections, FELACC.2.SCCM,Argentinean Association for Microbiology.3.CRIA, Campinas, San Pablo, Brazil.4. PROIMI, Tucumán, Argentina. 5.CVCM, Venezuela. 6. INHEM, Cuba.7.Finlay Institute, Cuba.8.Embrapa, Brasilia, Brazil.9.CC– ENCB Col ection, Mexico. 10. CCMFCA, UNCuyo. Mendoza, Argentina.11.INTA-
IMYZA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.12.CERELA, Tucuman,Argentina.13.INEVH, Pergamino, Argentina.14.Engineering School, Montevideo, Uruguay.15.ANLIS,Malbrán Institute, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The idea of creating an organization able to represent
collections in this region has been suggested several
times. The first time was in 1974 during the VI Latin
American Congress of Microbiology held in Caracas,
Venezuela,sponsored by the LatinAmerican
Association for Microbiology (ALAM). Here it was
proposed to create a regional organization called
.FederaciónLatinoamericanade Colecciones de
Cultivos Microbianos, (FLCC).. The topic was examined
againatseveral International Symposiums and
Microbiological Congresses after this. At a meeting
granted by UNESCO, with the World Federation for
Culture Col ections(WFCC) also in attendance, held in Buenos Aires (1977); at XIII Latin American Congress of Micology, ALAM, Caracas, Venezuela (1996) (3,4); XIV ALAM– Paraguay (1998) and XV ALAM– Mexico (2000); IV Symposium for Genetics Resources for Latin American and The Caribbean (SIRGEALC), Mar del Plata, Argentina (2003) and other national scientific
Final y during the XVIIº ALAM, held in Buenos Aires in
October 2004, a workshop on Microbial Culture
Collections took place during which several countries
agreed and they were summoned to the Federation
Constitutive Assembly. On 19th October representatives
from Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, Brazil and Argentina
gathered in the Central Office of the Argentinean
Association of Microbiology, AAM, and Buenos Aires. Here they chose the initial Executive Board and approved the Statute for the Latin American Federation of Culture Col ections, with FELACC as the acronym (1).
Since then, FELACC as an Association, or its members,
have been invited to participate in several scientific
regional events, for example, the V SIRGEALC,
Montevideo, Uruguay (2005); XVIII ALAM, Pucón, Chile
(2006); XIX ALAM, Quito, Ecuador (2008); VI Latin
American Congress for Mycology, Mar del Plata (2008);
II Brazilian Symposium for Genetics Resources, Brasilia,
Brazil (2008); VII SIRGEALC, Pucón, Chile (2009); XX ALAM, Montevideo, Uruguay (2010) and the 12th International Conference on Culture Collections, ICCC- 12, Florianopolis, Brazil (2010).
In 1991 an important precedent was set when a binational Brazilian-Argentinean Project, granted by CABBIO (Brazilian-Argentinean
Centre for Biotechnology), recognised the importance of Culture
Collections in the region. Dr Faustino Siñeriz,
representing Argentina and Dr Vandelei Pêrez Canhos, representing Brazil, were the respective Directors of CABBIO. A course on .Culture Collections and their Services. was run by CABBIO, under the direction of Dr Vandelei Pêrez Canhos, in Campinas, Brazil, attended by students from both countries. This course emphasized the relevance of Biological Resource Centers (BRCs) in Latin America. Under this Project equipment used in Col ections was supplied to those
BRCs which were already well established, in order to help them become more efficient.
FELACC operates like other non-profit organizations,relying on the voluntary association of its members. There are no fees or other commitments except expecting members to combine their efforts in order to contribute to the rational use of microbial diversity for the benefit of the community as a whole.
From 2004, FELACC began the construction of a database that gathers information about cultures preserved ex situ, in the BRCs of the Region. This database is constantly upgraded and has nine entries, these are: Ful Name / Acronym ; Institution ; Postal Address, Tel/Fax, Email address, Homepage ; Type of Collection ; Name of the Director ; Name of the Curator ; Microorganisms Preserved ; Number of Strains and Services Carried Out. It may be consulted on the AAM home page, http://www.aam.org.ar. Recently the database has also become available on the WFCC-Network page,http://www.wfcc.info/network.html.
FELACC is made up of 48 Institutional (affiliated collections), 23 Ordinary (individual affiliations) and 2 Cooperative (sustaining affiliations) members from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela (Table 1, Figure 1).
On the whole, the regional system maintains nearly 53.000 strains of bacteria, archeae, filamentous fungi and yeasts, which include isolates from a wide variety of ecological niches in the region.
FELACC activities are directed to promote the
development of regional collections under rules and
regulations international y applied to this kind of
organization. For the development of these purposes,the federation is organized into subcommittees allowing the development of a cooperative action. The topics of
these subcommittees include: Quality Management,Preservation Methods, Bio-protection and Transport of Biological Materials, Organization of Courses and
Scientific Meetings and Publications. Every four months an electronic Newsletter is published with general information and articles contributed by members.
Figure 1: FELACC Affiliate Countries
Until now the number of Culture Collections affiliated to FELACC is considered small in relation to the total number existing in the region, but this organization represents a significant effort in the maintenance of a network between regional institutions, in order to make the conservation ex situ microbial diversity more efficient.
1. Floccari M. (2005) Federación latinoamericana de colecciones de cultivos microbianos. Agrociencia. 9: 417- 420.
2. Floccari M., Levis. S., Sfreddo E., Martos G., Lucero N., Leardini N., Cabral D. & Blumenfeld S. (2004) Creation of a Culture Collection Federation for Latin America and The Caribbean. WFCC Newsletter 38: 45.
3. Manfio G. & Pêrez Canhos V. (1996). Culture Collections in South America. In: Culture Collections to Improve the Quality of Life. Sanson et al. Eds. ISBN 90- 70351-33-1 pp 217-220.
4. Rodriguez Lemoine V. (1996). Venezuelan Center for Culture Collections (CVCM). To new institution devoted to the preservation of microbial diversity. In: Culture Collections to Improve the Quality of Life. Sanson et al. Eds. ISBN 90-70351-33-1 pp224-225